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历 史 九 年 级 (下) 复 习 提 纲

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<div onmouseup="NewHighlight(event);"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td id="artContent" width="656"> <div style="width: 656px; margin: 0; padding: 0; height: 0;"></div> <div> <p style="TEXT-INDENT: 72pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 4.5" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 楷体_GB2312; FONT-SIZE: 16pt">历 史 九 年 级 (下) 复 习 提 纲</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 仿宋_GB2312; FONT-SIZE: 16pt" lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 黑体; COLOR: red; FONT-SIZE: 12pt">第<span lang=EN-US>1</span>、<span lang=EN-US>2</span>课<span lang=EN-US><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span>第二次工业革命<span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span lang=EN-US>1</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、<span style="COLOR: red">时间:</span></span><span lang=EN-US>19</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">世纪下半叶到</span><span lang=EN-US>20</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">世纪初</span><span lang=EN-US><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span>2</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、<span style="COLOR: red">策源地</span>:美国和德国</span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span lang=EN-US>3</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、<span style="COLOR: red">标志性发明</span>:(</span><span lang=EN-US>1</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)电机的发明、应用</span><span lang=EN-US><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(</span><span lang=EN-US>2</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)内燃机的发明、应用</span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span lang=EN-US>4</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、<span style="COLOR: red">特点</span>:内燃机取代蒸汽机,电能取代蒸汽能,人类由&#8220;蒸汽时代&#8221;进入&#8220;<span style="COLOR: red">电气时代</span>&#8221;。</span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span lang=EN-US>5</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、<span style="COLOR: red">重大发明:</span>(</span><span lang=EN-US>1</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)美国&#8220;发明大王&#8221;爱迪生,发明有电报、电灯、蓄电池等。<u style="text-underline: thick"><span style="COLOR: red">电器的广泛使用的影响?</span></u>改善人们的生活质量和生活方式。(</span><span lang=EN-US>2</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)</span><span lang=EN-US>1885</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年,德国工程师本茨和戴姆勒生产出首批汽车;美国的福特公司成为</span><span lang=EN-US>20</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">世纪初世界上最大的汽车制造商。(</span><span lang=EN-US>3</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)</span><span lang=EN-US>1903</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年,美国的莱特兄弟制成飞机<u style="text-underline: thick">。<span style="COLOR: red">汽车和飞机的发明对人类社会的影响?</span></u><span style="COLOR: black">为人们的出行提供了极大的便利,改变了人们的消费观念、出行方式及社会生活的内涵。预告航空新纪元的到来,飞机成为最便捷的远程交通工具。</span></span><span style="COLOR: black" lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span lang=EN-US>6</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、<span style="COLOR: red">影响</span>:(</span><span lang=EN-US>1</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)第二次工业革命极大促进了生产力发展。(</span><span lang=EN-US>2</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)改变了人们的生活方式,增加了人们的活动范围,加强了人与人之间的交流。(</span><span lang=EN-US>3</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)形成垄断,主要资本主义国家进入帝国主义阶段。</span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 黑体; FONT-SIZE: 12pt">第<span lang=EN-US>3</span>、<span lang=EN-US>4</span>、<span lang=EN-US>5</span>课 近代科学与思想文化<span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>1</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、科学的长足进步(成就)</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(</span><span lang=EN-US>1</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)<u style="text-underline: thick"><span style="COLOR: red">牛顿</span></u></span><u style="text-underline: thick"><span style="COLOR: red"> </span></u><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">英国</span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">《自然哲学的数学原理》</span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">创立了<u style="text-underline: thick">三大运动定律</u>和<u style="text-underline: thick">万有引力定律</u>,创立了<u style="text-underline: thick"><span style="COLOR: red">经典力学</span></u>体系</span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">近代自然科学奠基人,推动了科学研究的飞速发展</span> <span lang=EN-US><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(</span><span lang=EN-US>2</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)<span style="COLOR: red">达尔文</span></span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">英国</span> <u style="text-underline: thick"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">《物种起源》《人类起源与性的选择》</span></u> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">提出<u style="text-underline: thick"><span style="COLOR: red">进化论</span></u>思想,作出<u style="text-underline: thick">人类起源于古猿</u>的结论</span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">奠定了科学的人类起源理论的基础,使生物学进一步从神学的桎梧下解放出来</span><span lang=EN-US>. </span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(</span><span lang=EN-US>3</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)<span style="COLOR: red">爱因斯坦</span></span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">德国</span><span lang=EN-US><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">创立<u style="text-underline: thick">狭义相对论</u>,对人类研制核武器和平利用核能提供了理论基础,随后又创立<u style="text-underline: thick">广义相对论</u></span><u style="text-underline: thick"> </u><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">使人类进入核能时代</span><span lang=EN-US>,</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">加深人们对时空物质运动认识</span> </p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="COLOR: red; FONT-SIZE: 12pt" lang=EN-US>2</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; FONT-SIZE: 12pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、欧洲启蒙运动(与文艺复兴的比较)</span><span style="COLOR: red; FONT-SIZE: 12pt" lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(</span><span lang=EN-US>1</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)<span style="COLOR: red">时间:</span></span><span lang=EN-US>18</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">世纪</span><span lang=EN-US><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(</span><span lang=EN-US>2</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)<span style="COLOR: red">性质:</span>反封建的思想解放运动</span><span lang=EN-US><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(</span><span lang=EN-US>3</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)<span style="COLOR: red">中心:</span>法国</span><span lang=EN-US><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><u style="text-underline: red"><o:p></o:p></u></span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(</span><span lang=EN-US>4</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)内容</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">:①<span style="COLOR: red">伏尔泰</span>:被誉为<u style="text-underline: thick">启蒙运动的领袖和导师</u>,一生致力抨击封建专制制度,倡导自然权利学说,主张开明专制。②<span style="COLOR: red">孟德斯鸠</span>:主<st1:personname w:st="on" ProductID="张">张</st1:personname>君主立宪制,明确提出立法权、司法权、行政权三权分立原则,这一思想,<u style="text-underline: thick">为未来资产阶级政权建设奠定了理论基础</u>。③<span style="COLOR: red">卢梭</span>:倡导&#8220;人民主权说&#8221;,提出&#8220;社会契约论&#8221;,这一思想成为<u style="text-underline: thick">法国大革命</u>的&#8220;圣经&#8221;,也为其他国家资产阶级革命提供了强大思想武器。</span><span lang=EN-US> </span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(</span><span lang=EN-US>5</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)<span style="COLOR: red">、影响</span>:开启了民智,为欧美资产阶级革命作了思想上和理论上的准备,促进了欧洲社会进步。</span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>3</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、文学艺术的繁荣(主要作品)</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">英国:<u style="text-underline: thick">莎士比亚</u></span><u style="text-underline: thick"> </u><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">《哈姆雷特》《罗密欧与朱丽叶》</span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">充溢着<span style="COLOR: red">人文主义</span>的理想和时代精神</span><span lang=EN-US> </span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">俄国:<u style="text-underline: thick">托尔斯泰</u></span><u style="text-underline: thick"> </u><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">《安娜&#183;卡列尼娜》《复活》</span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">俄国社会的<span style="COLOR: red">百科全书</span>,&#8220;俄国革命的镜子&#8221;</span> <span lang=EN-US><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;</span></span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">意大利:<u style="text-underline: thick">达芬奇</u></span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">《最后的晚餐》《蒙娜丽莎》</span><span lang=EN-US> `</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">体现<span style="COLOR: red">人性化和个性化</span></span><span lang=EN-US> </span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">荷兰:<u style="text-underline: thick">凡高</u></span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">《向日葵》</span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">凹显<span style="COLOR: red">个性的张扬和对生命的理解</span></span><span style="COLOR: red"> </span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">德国<u style="text-underline: thick">:贝多芬</u></span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">英雄交响曲</span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">&#8220;乐圣&#8221;和&#8220;交响乐之王</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">&#8221;</span> </p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 黑体; FONT-SIZE: 12pt">第<span lang=EN-US>7</span>、<span lang=EN-US>8</span>课<span lang=EN-US><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span></span>第一次世界大战(<span lang=EN-US>1914</span>年<span lang=EN-US>7</span>月——<span lang=EN-US>1918</span>年<span lang=EN-US>11</span>月)<span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(</span><span lang=EN-US>1</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)<span style="COLOR: red">根本原因</span>:资本主义国家经济政治发展不平衡,后起的国家要求重新划分势力范围和世界霸权。</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 黑体; FONT-SIZE: 12pt" lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(</span><span lang=EN-US>2</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)<span style="COLOR: red">交战双方</span>:同盟国——<u style="text-underline: thick">德国(核心)</u>、奥匈帝国、意大利;</span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">协约国——英国、法国、俄国。开战后,意大利为了<span style="COLOR: red">自身利益</span>,参加协约国作战。</span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(</span><span lang=EN-US>3</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)<span style="COLOR: red">导火线</span>:萨拉热窝事件(</span><span lang=EN-US>1914</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年</span><span lang=EN-US>6</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">月</span><span lang=EN-US>28</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">日)(<u style="text-underline: thick"><span style="COLOR: red">认识</span></u>:突发事件对人类和平的威胁)</span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(</span><span lang=EN-US>4</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)<span style="COLOR: red">战争过程</span>:①<span style="COLOR: red">战线</span>:战场主要在欧洲,有西、东、南三条战线,<span style="COLOR: red">西线</span>最关键和具有决定意义。②<span style="COLOR: red">重要战役</span>:<u style="text-underline: thick">凡尔登战役</u>:<span style="COLOR: red">绞肉机、屠宰场、地狱</span></span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(</span><span lang=EN-US>5</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)<span style="COLOR: red">结果:</span>以同盟国的失败而告终</span><span lang=EN-US><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(</span><span lang=EN-US>6</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)性质</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">:一场帝国主义的掠夺战争</span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(</span><span lang=EN-US>7</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)<span style="COLOR: red">影响</span>:①给人类造成深重灾难和破坏。②客观上影响了世界历史的发展</span><span lang=EN-US>a</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、世界格局变化——欧洲在世界格局中的地位逐渐下降</span><span lang=EN-US> b</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、战争引起革命——第一个社会主义国家在俄国诞生。</span><span lang=EN-US>c</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、客观上推动了科学技术的发展</span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 黑体; FONT-SIZE: 12pt">第<span lang=EN-US>9</span>课、列宁领导的社会主义革命与建设<span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">一、背景</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">:①内因——</span><span lang=EN-US>20</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">世纪初,俄国是帝国主义链条中的薄弱环节,经济、文化、政治落后,阶级矛盾、社会矛盾、民族矛盾错综复杂。</span><span lang=EN-US><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">②外因——第一次世界大战使各种矛盾进一步激化。</span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">二、从二月革命到十月革命</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style="TEXT-INDENT: -84pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 84pt; mso-char-indent-count: -8.0" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(一)<span style="COLOR: red">二月革命</span>:</span><span lang=EN-US>1917</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年</span><span lang=EN-US>3</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">月,<u style="text-underline: thick">资产阶级民主</u>革命,推翻了<u style="text-underline: thick">沙皇专制</u>统治。建立<u style="text-underline: thick">资产阶级临时政府</u></span><u style="text-underline: thick"><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></u></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(二)<span style="COLOR: red">十月革命</span>:(</span><span lang=EN-US>1</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)列宁发表<u style="text-underline: thick">《四月提纲》</u>,号召推翻<u style="text-underline: thick">资产阶级临时政府</u>。</span></p> <p style="TEXT-INDENT: -5.25pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 84pt; mso-char-indent-count: -.5; mso-para-margin-left: 7.5gd" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(</span><span lang=EN-US>2</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>1917</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>11</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">月</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>7</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">日</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">,彼得格勒武装起义胜利,推翻临时政府,政权归工兵代表苏维埃,<span style="COLOR: red">第一个社会主义国家</span>诞生。</span></p> <p style="TEXT-INDENT: -10.5pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 89.25pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.0; mso-para-margin-left: 7.5gd" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US>3</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)意义</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">:①、<u style="text-underline: thick">是第一次获得胜利的社会主义革命</u>,建立了世界上第一个无产阶级专政的国家。②、打破了资本主义体系一统天下的局面,使世界格局发生了重大变化。③、鼓舞了无产阶级和殖民地半殖民地人民争取解放的斗争。④推动国际共产主义运动发展到新的阶段。</span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">三、从战时共产主义政策到新经济政策(重点)</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">项目:战时共产主义、新经济政策</span><span lang=EN-US> </span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">时间:</span><span lang=EN-US>1918</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">——</span><span lang=EN-US>1920</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、</span><span lang=EN-US> 1921</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">——</span><span lang=EN-US>1924 </span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">背景</span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">为粉碎国内外敌人的进攻,保卫苏维埃政权</span> <span lang=EN-US><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">为发展生产和纠正战时共产主义的失误</span><span lang=EN-US> </span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">内容</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US> 1</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、实行余粮收集制</span><span lang=EN-US> 2</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、实行单一的国有制</span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span lang=EN-US>3</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、实行实物配给制</span><span lang=EN-US> 4</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、实行劳动义务制</span> <span lang=EN-US><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span>1</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、实行粮食税收制</span><span lang=EN-US> 2</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、实行多种所有制</span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span lang=EN-US>3</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、实行商品买卖制</span><span lang=EN-US> 4</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、实行按劳取酬工资制</span><span lang=EN-US> </span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">作用</span><span style="COLOR: red"> </span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">集中全国人力物力战胜了国内外敌人的猖狂进攻</span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">国民经济迅速恢复,人民生活有所改善,苏维埃政权得到巩固。</span> </p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 黑体; FONT-SIZE: 12pt">第<span lang=EN-US>10</span>课<span lang=EN-US><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span></span>斯大林时期(<span lang=EN-US>20</span>世纪二三十年代)苏联的社会主义建设<span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">一、社会主义建设的工业化和农业集体化(注意弊端)</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 11.25pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">工业化、</span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">农业集体化</span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(<u style="text-underline: thick"><span style="COLOR: red">联系中国的一化、人民公社花</span></u><span style="COLOR: red">)</span></span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 11.25pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">时间:</span><span lang=EN-US>1926</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年起近</span><span lang=EN-US>10</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年、</span><span lang=EN-US> 1929</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">——</span><span lang=EN-US>1932 </span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">内容:兴建</span><span lang=EN-US>6000</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">个大型工矿企业</span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、实现农业全盘集体化</span><span lang=EN-US> </span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">特点</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">:高速度和优先发展<u style="text-underline: thick">重工业</u></span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">主要通过行政手段组建集体农庄</span><span lang=EN-US> </span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">成就:</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">工业总产值欧洲第一、世界第二,落后的农业国变为先进的社会主义工业强国</span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">建成采用先进技术和集体劳动的社会主义大</span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">农业</span><span lang=EN-US> </span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">弊端</span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">造成国民经济内部比例失调</span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">忽视了经济发展规律,造成强迫命令</span> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">,虚假数字,农业税过高,影响发展。</span> </p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">二、五年计划</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span lang=EN-US>1</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、时间</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">:</span><span lang=EN-US>1928</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年起实施(</span><span lang=EN-US>1928</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">—</span><span lang=EN-US>1933</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">;</span><span lang=EN-US>1933</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">—</span><span lang=EN-US>1937</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)</span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span lang=EN-US>2</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、<span style="COLOR: red">成就</span>:提前完成,成为社会主义工业强国。</span><span lang=EN-US> 3</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、<span style="COLOR: red">体制</span>:国家计划管理体制,指令性计划经济</span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span lang=EN-US>4</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、<span style="COLOR: red">弊端</span>:排斥市场调节,统的过死;压制积极性,缺乏动力与活力;效率低下,社会财富严重浪费</span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">三、肃反运动</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(</span><span lang=EN-US>1936</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">——</span><span lang=EN-US>1938</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)(<u style="text-underline: thick"><span style="COLOR: red">联系文化大革命</span></u>)</span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span lang=EN-US>1</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、<span style="COLOR: red">导火线</span>:</span><span lang=EN-US>1934</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年<u style="text-underline: thick">基洛夫被刺</u>事件</span><span lang=EN-US><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span>2</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、<span style="COLOR: red">特点</span>:肃反扩大化,造成许多冤假错案</span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span lang=EN-US>3</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、<span style="COLOR: red">后果</span>:损失了党、政、军一大批优秀骨干,制造了大量冤假错案,干扰了经济的正常发展;破坏了社会主义民主,强化了对斯大林的个人崇拜,影响了广大人民对社会主义的信念和追求。</span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 黑体; FONT-SIZE: 12pt">第<span lang=EN-US>11</span>课<span lang=EN-US><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span></span>西方世界秩序的调整和世界经济大危机<span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">一</span><span style="COLOR: red"> </span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: red; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">、巴黎和会</span><span style="COLOR: red" lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">①<span style="COLOR: red">时间</span>:</span><span lang=EN-US>1919</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font

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